Pneumococcal disease refers to a wide range of infections caused by bacteria. The most severe infections are among the most life-threatening illnesses in Australia – particularly among children under two years of age and elderly people.
The pneumococcus bacteria can spread between people through infected droplets in the air and by touching an infected person. It most commonly spreads when an infected person sneezes or coughs.
You can substantially reduce the risk of infection with pneumococcal disease through immunisation, particularly in young children. Pneumococcal vaccination is recommended as part of routine immunisation for people who face a high risk from pneumococcal and its complications.
The pneumococcal vaccine is available free under the National Immunisation Program for
More information on pneumococcal can be found here: